Why is this the summer of Colombian slang? As I mentioned in my last post on cringe-worthy Spanish mistakes, to study a language is to keep learning. And then, once you think you’ve got it all pretty much under control–and you were finally so proud of your collection of colorful expressions and register-switching–you discover that there is more. An entire continent more of vocabulary, slang, and niceties.
Yep, that’s what happens when you live in Spain and your boyfriend hails from Latin America (is anyone else in this boat?). Luckily, our unique situation has several perks. For example, the opportunity–not to mention the necessity and desire–to visit his home country. This summer, that’s exactly what we’re doing. We have two tickets to Colombia, and I’ve been preparing for the trip by flipping arepas, devouring blog articles, and mentally preparing to use “Ustedes” instead of “vosotros.” In other words–YIPEEEE!
Studying up on our next destination!
And that is just the surface of the linguistic differences. There are a few words and expressions I need to relearn this summer. “Remember, “patatas” are “papas,” Andres gently reminded me the other day. He’s hoping to save me from a faux-pas, I know. I’m afraid there are so many more differences out there waiting to trip me up. A lesson in slang amped up my arsenal, but I’m just as concerned with avoiding the wrong terms as I am expanding my vocab. To give you an example of my mental gymnastics this summer, I present you with a list of eight Spanish terms that change meaning somewhere between Spain and Colombia:
1) Un tinto
In Spain: a glass of red wine.
In Colombia: a cup of coffee.
Me das un pocillo de cafe? = Can I have a a cup of coffee? (pocillo = taza)
In Spain: Something wealthy / delicious / cute
In Colombia: Something wealthy /rich / delicious / nice / great / fantastic / etc…
In Spain, you can exclaim “Qué rico!” over a rich-tasting dish. In Colombia, rico is more like a positive cover-all. For example, if it’s hot and suddenly a fan starts blowing cool air your way, it’s “Qué rico!”
In Spain: milk / something awesome
In Colombia: milk / something lucky
There are plenty of “milky” slang terms in Spain; the tamest one being “Es la leche!” (This is cool! / This is the shit!) In Colombia, however, “Qué leche!” means “What luck!” or “(You’re) so lucky!”
It’s always a lucky day if it starts with a cafe con leche
In Spain: The number 14
In Colombia: The number 14 / a favor
In Colombia, you can actually do someone a “catorce.” Hacer un catorce = to do a favor.
In Spain: to open
In Colombia: to leave
There is about 100% chance that I will use this one incorrectly on my travels. Stay tuned for imminent faux-pas.
In Spain: sheath / case / pod
In Colombia: thing
In Madrid, I’d only ever heard vaina to refer to a pea pod. Then, Andres’ high school friends came to visit and I couldn’t understand why the heck they sprinkled vaina in every other sentence. To give you an idea, I’d wager that they used vaina as often as we use “stuff” in English.
This store in France sold pea pods ‘n things
In Spain: ready / smart
In Colombia: ready / smart / cool / ok
Especially as a question, “Listo?” can have several meanings in Colombia.
8) Dar papaya
In Spain: to literally give (someone) a papaya
In Colombia: to set yourself up to be ripped off
If my local fruteria in Madrid offered me a papaya, I wouldn’t turn it down. However, in Colombia, “to give a papaya” means to put yourself in a situations that makes it easy for someone to rip you off. For example, if you sport a DSLR ’round your neck in a seedy part of town, someone may take up your papaya-invitation and steal the camera from you.
I don’t have any papayas photos but I thought this one was still sweet
You bet I will try my hand at using a few of these in Colombia–just as I hope Andres attempts the Southern accent when we eventually visit Arkansas!
Want to learn more Colombian slang? My post is just the tip of the old iceberg…
Learning Colombian Spanish Slang – Bacon is Magic
Five-part series on Colombian Slang – Uncover Colombia
Colombian Slang Flash Cards – Quizlet